Treasury or government bills, corporate and treasury/government bonds, and shares can all be used as « collateral » in a repo transaction. However, unlike a secured loan, the right to securities passes from the seller to the buyer. Coupons (interest to be paid to the owner of the securities) due while the buyer in repo holds the securities are usually directly passed on to the seller in repo. This may seem counterintuitive, given that the legal ownership of the security rights during the pension contract belongs to the buyer. Instead, the agreement could provide that the buyer will receive the coupon, adjusting the cash to be paid during the redemption in order to compensate for this, although this is more typical of sales/redemptions. Although the transaction is similar to a loan and its economic impact is similar to a credit, the terminology differs from that of credit: the seller legally buys the securities from the buyer at the end of the loan period. However, one of the essential aspects of rest is that they are legally recognised as a single transaction (significant in the event of the insolvency of the counterparty) and not as an assignment and redemption for tax purposes. By structuring the transaction as a sale, a repo offers lenders considerable protection against the normal operation of U.S. bankruptcy laws, such as. B automatic suspension and avoidance provisions. A sell/buyback is the cash sale and redemption at the front of a security. These are two separate direct spot market transactions, one for futures settlement.
The futures price is set in relation to the spot price in order to obtain a return on the market. The fundamental motivation for sales/redemptions is usually the same as for a classic repo (i.e.: The attempt to take advantage of the lower funding rates generally available for secured loans compared to unsecured loans). The profitability of the operation is also similar, with the interest on the money borrowed by the sale/redemption implicitly in the difference between the sale price and the purchase price. In 2008, attention was drawn to a form known after the collapse of Lehman as Repo 105, as it was alleged that repo 105s was used as an accounting trick to hide the deterioration in Lehman`s financial health. . . .