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Gender And Number Agreement In Spanish

The fastest and least painful way to master the sex of nouns is when you first encounter them. If they are on your vocabulary list by chance, go ahead of them with el or la, depending on the gender, if they are singular, and go or read in front of them when they are plural. If your book doesn`t tell you if the word is masculine or feminine, ask your teacher or learn to consult them in a Spanish-English dictionary. The best Spanish textbooks do this in one way or another in their glossaries or word lists. But if you`re learning vocabulary, for example, don`t repeat mesa. Say the mesa. They then strengthen the sex of speech – almost painless. Spanish adjectives are usually listed in dictionaries in their masculine singulate form, so it`s important to know how to compare these masculine adjectives with the topic you`re describing right now. Most adjectives end in their masculine forms singulated on o, e or a consonant. Below you will find the rules for adapting these adjectives to their respective nouns in sex and number. Other bitterness teaches you with your grids stretched by the form of time, and pronouns begin to become more and more familiar, and this is the sorted correspondence.

In Spanish, we have a rule called « agreement » that usually consists of the words around the name to « match » the name of sex and number. When they end up in a consonant, they also don`t change in sex, but they do it for the plural. We add it (instead of just -s). Example: Azul/ azules (blue) When it ends on -z, we also change the -z to -c: Ex: feliz / felices (happy) « Lo » is neutral, general, does not refer to a word, therefore no concordance, and is normally translated as « the thing ». In Spanish, adjectives must correspond to the noun (or pronoun) they describe by gender and number. This means that if the subject describing an adjective is feminine, the adjective must be feminine, and if the same noun is plural, the adjective will be feminine AND plural. Adjectives that end in e or -ista do not change by gender. They correspond to both masculine and feminine nouns in the singular form, although they change for the number.

However, it`s not a perfect science, so you can read this blog post about tips on whether a word is masculine and feminine and includes groups of words that follow a gender (letters are female, time too, numbers are masculine), and also a list of words that end in -a, but are masculine…

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