The IAEA`s medium-term strategy serves as a strategic direction and roadmap for the secretariat to prepare the Agency`s program and budget during the period covered by the strategy, setting priorities between and within its programs for the next three months, in order to achieve the Agency`s legal objectives in a developing international context. The current medium-term strategy covers the period 2018-2023. Strategic objective D, « providing effective technical cooperation, » provides strategic guidance for the technical cooperation programme. The revised Guiding Principles and General Operating Rules to Govern the Provision of Technical Assistance by the Agency, in 1979, provides for the provision of technical assistance by the Agency. It contains guiding principles on participation in the programme, sources of technical assistance, agreements with Member States and human resources and equipment issues. The INFCIRC also contains general operating rules. The strategic direction of the multi-year TC programme is provided by IAEA member states and, in particular, by political decision-making bodies that include the General Conference of all Member States and the 35-member Governing Council. TC`s activities are based on national programme framework plans and regional/cooperation agreements and also take into account national development plans, UN development assistance frameworks (ASDs), regional priorities and, where appropriate, relevant sustainable development goals. In 2002, the strategy was reviewed and six main areas were identified for interventions in the field of technical cooperation: human health, agricultural productivity and food security, water resource management, environmental protection, physical and chemical applications of radiation and radioisotopes, and sustainable energy development. Pilot projects have become a « central criterion, » widely used for prioritization and project selection. Over the years, the framework of the national program has also established itself as a programming and programming instrument. The Technical Cooperation Strategy, developed in 1997, launched the IAEA`s activities in the field of technical cooperation and introduced three new instruments: pilot projects, national programme frameworks and thematic plans.
Pilot projects have been designed to establish and maintain quality standards in project design; The framework of the national programme focused on agreed national priority development needs; and thematic plans focused on the identification and promotion of nuclear and isotopic techniques, which clearly brought benefits in terms of costs and benefits in achieving sustainable development.